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Ohio Ag Manager

Sep
30

Manure Regulation in Ohio

Although long considered a natural fertilizer that can benefit our soils, manure has a history of increased regulation in recent years based on potential impacts to water quality.   The following explains how state and federal law regulates the production, storage and application of animal manure in Ohio.  

Livestock Environmental Permitting Program

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Sep
26

Pricing Standing Corn for Silage Harvest – 2014

Dianne Shoemaker, Bill Weiss, and Normand St-Pierre Extension Dairy Specialists, The Ohio State University If it’s late summer it’s time to talk about pricing a corn crop standing in the field for corn silage. This is always a challenging question as there are a number of factors that contribute to the final price agreed upon by the buyer and seller that are challenging to quantify. This corn silage pricing discussion begins with a corn crop standing in the field. The grower’s goal is to recover the cost of producing and harvesting the crop plus a profit margin. Their base price would be the price they could receive for the crop from the grain market less harvesting/drying/storage costs. Hopefully, this would meet their goal of covering production costs and generating a profit. During price negotiations, it should be recognized that harvest risk is also being shifted from the grower to the buyer. To the grain farmer, the ...
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Sep
12

Revised – 2013 ACRE payments for Corn

By: Chris Bruynis, PhD, Assistant Professor & Extension Educator, OSU Extension.

 

Earlier I had written an article on the possibility of Ohio getting an ACRE Payment for the 2013 corn crop.  The USDA corn yield for Ohio ended up at 177 bushels of grain, which was significantly higher than the 152 bushel five year Olympic average.  Initially I had overestimated the state revenue guarantee, which is actually $690 per acre.  Because of the higher yield and the corrected revenue guarantee at the state level, the market average price would need to fall below $3.90 for the 2013 crop.  Current estimates (August 2014) have the market average price at $4.45 which is significantly higher. With this new information, it is highly unlikely that corn will make a payment for the 2013 corn crop.

Sep
11

2014 Farm Bill Decisions: Program Choice – A Big Picture Perspective

By:  Carl Zulauf, Ohio State University, and Gary Schnitkey, Jonathan Coppess, and Nick Paulson, University of Illinois at Urbana-Chapaign

The 2014 farm bill gives Farm Service Agency (FSA) farm owners a 1-time opportunity to elect their Title 1 crop program for the 2014 through 2018 crop years.  Three program options exist: Agriculture Risk Coverage-individual (ARC-IC), Agriculture Risk Coverage-county (ARC-CO), and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) with the choice to buy the Supplemental Coverage (insurance) Option (SCO).  This article examines the choice between ARC-CO and PLC.  In contrast to ARC-CO and PLC, ARC-IC pays on 65% not 85% of program acres and is elected on a FSA farm basis, not a program crop basis.  ARC-IC thus is an option to consider based on the ARC-IC farm situation, including when (1) production on the ARC-IC farm unit is hig...
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Sep
08

Leasing Your Land for Hunting: Legal Considerations

With fall quickly approaching, now is a good time to consider whether you should lease your land for hunting. Leasing your land for hunting can be beneficial by giving you an extra source of income as well as managing wildlife populations and decreasing crop damage. However, there are some considerations to make before granting that lease to someone.

This post is a reprint of a post by daniels.498 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Sep
02

Leasing Your Land for Hunting: Legal Considerations

With fall quickly approaching, now is a good time to consider whether you should lease your land for hunting. Leasing your land for hunting can be beneficial by giving you an extra source of income as well as managing wildlife populations and decreasing crop damage. However, there are some considerations to make before granting that lease to someone.

This post is a reprint of a post by daniels.498 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Sep
01

Do Futures Forecast the Future?

By: Carl Zulauf, Ohio State University, Nick Rettig, B.S., Ohio State University, and Matt Roberts, Associate Professor, Ohio State University

A common presumption is that futures prices can predict future price, specifically the price during the last or delivery month of trading on a futures contract.  This presumption has potential importance for both marketing and policy.  Many crop insurance contracts use futures prices to establish their pre-plant and harvest prices.  In addition, it is common to hear that futures prices should be used to forecast prices when evaluating the farm program choices in the 2014 farm bill.  This article calls into question the presumption that futures prices can predict future price.  It also finds that cash price performs as well as futures price in forecasting future price.  Because of the technical natur...
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Aug
19

First bill introduced to address Lake Erie algae problem

In response to the recent drinking water ban in Toledo, three senators from Ohio's Lake Erie counties have introduced SB 356 to expand and accelerate fertilizer certification legislation passed earlier this year.  Senators Brown, Cafaro and Turner's proposal would add "manure" to the definition of "fertilizer" for purposes of the fertilizer certification program enacted this May in SB 150.   Whether or not manure applications should fall under the

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Aug
18

ARC-CO and PLC Payment Indicator Using August WASDE U.S. Yield and Price

By: Carl Zulauf, Professor, Ohio State University, and Gary Schnitkey, Professor, University of Illinoi at Urbana-Champaign

The 2014 farm bill gives Farm Service Agency (FSA) farm owners the option to choose their crop program for the 2014 through 2018 crop years. A factor, perhaps key factor that will influence this decision is the payment by the program choices for the 2014 crop year. This article uses the just released U.S. yield and price estimates in the August 2014 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) to calculate an indicator of potential payments by the Agriculture Revenue Coverage – county program (ARC-CO) and the Price Loss Coverage (PLC) program. The indicator estimates are for the 2014 crop year for barley, corn, oats, long grain rice, medium (and short) grain rice, sorghum, soybeans, and wheat.  These are indica...
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Aug
18

Pastures and Pipelines

By: Clif Little, OSU Extension Agricultural and Natural Resources Educator Guernsey County

It has become a common occurrence in Eastern Ohio to see oil and gas related pipelines being installed through pastures and crop fields.  While many sections of these lines are installed and reseeded to the farmer’s satisfaction, some are not.  Lately, I have been asked by farmland owners and contractors alike to assess the reseeding success of individual sections of right-of-ways.  Below are some ideas which I hope will curb some of the incidents I have noticed.

Above all, have the document prepared by your attorney addressing the farm needs and reseeding.   Too many times landowners are attempting to negotiate a potentially lifelong contract without legal advice.  

Identify the location and width of the temporary work area and pipeline. Landowners may want the pipeline company (referred to as the grantee) to provi...
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Aug
13

Will Average Crop Revenue Program Trigger a Payment for 2013 Crop?

By: Chris Bruynis, PhD, Assistant Professor & Extension Educator, OSU Extension.

Although only about 10% of the total acres in Ohio were signed into the Average Crop Revenue Program (ACRE), farmers’ enrolled might see a payment for corn if market prices continue to remain low. Calculating the numbers using state averages and USDA estimates, the state revenue guarantee for corn is approximately $758 per acre. When dividing that revenue guarantee by the five year Olympic average state corn yield, the market year average price that corn would need to fall below to trigger a payment would be $4.59 per bushel. The current USDA estimate for the 3013-14 market year average is $4.45 per bushel. This would indicate that the state trigger would be met and farmers would need to start examining if their farm level conditions would be met to trigger a payment.

USDA estimates have the soybean market year average price at $13.00 ...
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Aug
11

Sale of 4-H or FFA Projects Have Tax Implications

By: Larry Gearhardt, Field Specialist, Taxation

Introduction

Members of 4-H clubs or FFA chapters often raise livestock as part of the educational program of the club or chapter. The member may then sell the livestock that was raised as part of the project at the end of the fair. This transaction raises a number of income tax issues for the 4-H or FFA member.

Two Alternatives

There are two different alternatives to report the income from the sale of livestock by a 4-H or FFA member. Which alternative to choose depends upon whether or not the project is part of a trade or business carried on by the member, or whether the project is primarily for educational purposes and not for profit and is completed by the individual under the rules and economic restrictions of the sponsoring 4-H or FFA organization. The method of reporting includes self-employment tax ramifications as well as income tax.

The 2013 Farme...
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Aug
08

Couple challenges Ohio’s transfer of CAFO NPDES permit authority in federal court

Fourteen years after the Ohio Legislature transferred permitting authority for confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) from the Ohio EPA to the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA), a Wood County couple is challenging the transfer in federal court as a violation of the federal Clean Water Act.   Larry and Vickie Askins filed the lawsuit on August 4, 2014 in the U.S. District Court Northern Division against the ODA, Ohio EPA and U.S.

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Aug
01

OSHA issues new guidance on the small farm exemption

The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) faced harsh criticism recently when the agency inspected and issued fines to small farms engaged in grain storage activities.  The farms argued that OSHA had no authority to do so because of the "small farm exemption" that limits OSHA’s authority to enforce safety regulations on small farms.  This week, OSHA released a guidance memorandum that attempts to clarify how its regional administrators should interpret the small farm exemption.  The agency's new guidance focuses on whether an activity on a small farm is “not related to farm

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Jul
18

Employers can be liable for a worker’s violent acts

A recent decision by the Ohio Court of Appeals examines the issue of employer liability for a worker’s harmful acts.  The Twelfth District Court of Appeals clarified when an employer could be liable for injuries caused by a worker’s violent behavior, whether the worker is an independent contractor or an employee.

Worker’s violent behavior leads to a lawsuit

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.

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Keith L. Smith, Ph.D., Associate Vice President for Agricultural Administration and Director, Ohio State University Extension TDD No. 800-589-8292 ( Ohio only) or 614-292-1868