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Ohio Ag Manager

Aug
19

First bill introduced to address Lake Erie algae problem

In response to the recent drinking water ban in Toledo, three senators from Ohio's Lake Erie counties have introduced SB 356 to expand and accelerate fertilizer certification legislation passed earlier this year.  Senators Brown, Cafaro and Turner's proposal would add "manure" to the definition of "fertilizer" for purposes of the fertilizer certification program enacted this May in SB 150.   Whether or not manure applications should fall under the

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Aug
18

ARC-CO and PLC Payment Indicator Using August WASDE U.S. Yield and Price

By: Carl Zulauf, Professor, Ohio State University, and Gary Schnitkey, Professor, University of Illinoi at Urbana-Champaign

The 2014 farm bill gives Farm Service Agency (FSA) farm owners the option to choose their crop program for the 2014 through 2018 crop years. A factor, perhaps key factor that will influence this decision is the payment by the program choices for the 2014 crop year. This article uses the just released U.S. yield and price estimates in the August 2014 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) to calculate an indicator of potential payments by the Agriculture Revenue Coverage – county program (ARC-CO) and the Price Loss Coverage (PLC) program. The indicator estimates are for the 2014 crop year for barley, corn, oats, long grain rice, medium (and short) grain rice, sorghum, soybeans, and wheat.  These are indicato...
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Aug
18

Pastures and Pipelines

By: Clif Little, OSU Extension Agricultural and Natural Resources Educator Guernsey County

It has become a common occurrence in Eastern Ohio to see oil and gas related pipelines being installed through pastures and crop fields.  While many sections of these lines are installed and reseeded to the farmer’s satisfaction, some are not.  Lately, I have been asked by farmland owners and contractors alike to assess the reseeding success of individual sections of right-of-ways.  Below are some ideas which I hope will curb some of the incidents I have noticed.

Above all, have the document prepared by your attorney addressing the farm needs and reseeding.   Too many times landowners are attempting to negotiate a potentially lifelong contract without legal advice.  

Identify the location and width of the temporary work area and pipeline. Landowners may want the pipeline company (referred to as the grantee) to provi...
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Aug
13

Will Average Crop Revenue Program Trigger a Payment for 2013 Crop?

By: Chris Bruynis, PhD, Assistant Professor & Extension Educator, OSU Extension.

Although only about 10% of the total acres in Ohio were signed into the Average Crop Revenue Program (ACRE), farmers’ enrolled might see a payment for corn if market prices continue to remain low. Calculating the numbers using state averages and USDA estimates, the state revenue guarantee for corn is approximately $758 per acre. When dividing that revenue guarantee by the five year Olympic average state corn yield, the market year average price that corn would need to fall below to trigger a payment would be $4.59 per bushel. The current USDA estimate for the 3013-14 market year average is $4.45 per bushel. This would indicate that the state trigger would be met and farmers would need to start examining if their farm level conditions would be met to trigger a payment.

USDA estimates have the soybean market year average price at $13.00 ...
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Aug
11

Sale of 4-H or FFA Projects Have Tax Implications

By: Larry Gearhardt, Field Specialist, Taxation

Introduction

Members of 4-H clubs or FFA chapters often raise livestock as part of the educational program of the club or chapter. The member may then sell the livestock that was raised as part of the project at the end of the fair. This transaction raises a number of income tax issues for the 4-H or FFA member.

Two Alternatives

There are two different alternatives to report the income from the sale of livestock by a 4-H or FFA member. Which alternative to choose depends upon whether or not the project is part of a trade or business carried on by the member, or whether the project is primarily for educational purposes and not for profit and is completed by the individual under the rules and economic restrictions of the sponsoring 4-H or FFA organization. The method of reporting includes self-employment tax ramifications as well as income tax.

The 2013 Farme...
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Aug
08

Couple challenges Ohio’s transfer of CAFO NPDES permit authority in federal court

Fourteen years after the Ohio Legislature transferred permitting authority for confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) from the Ohio EPA to the Ohio Department of Agriculture (ODA), a Wood County couple is challenging the transfer in federal court as a violation of the federal Clean Water Act.   Larry and Vickie Askins filed the lawsuit on August 4, 2014 in the U.S. District Court Northern Division against the ODA, Ohio EPA and U.S.

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Aug
01

OSHA issues new guidance on the small farm exemption

The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) faced harsh criticism recently when the agency inspected and issued fines to small farms engaged in grain storage activities.  The farms argued that OSHA had no authority to do so because of the "small farm exemption" that limits OSHA’s authority to enforce safety regulations on small farms.  This week, OSHA released a guidance memorandum that attempts to clarify how its regional administrators should interpret the small farm exemption.  The agency's new guidance focuses on whether an activity on a small farm is “not related to farm

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Jul
18

Employers can be liable for a worker’s violent acts

A recent decision by the Ohio Court of Appeals examines the issue of employer liability for a worker’s harmful acts.  The Twelfth District Court of Appeals clarified when an employer could be liable for injuries caused by a worker’s violent behavior, whether the worker is an independent contractor or an employee.

Worker’s violent behavior leads to a lawsuit

This post is a reprint of a post by hall.673 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Jul
17

2014 Ohio Forage Enterprise Budgets

by: Barry Ward, OSU Extension, Leader, Production Business Management, Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics

Newly updated Forage Enterprise Budgets for 2014 have been completed and posted to the Farm Management Website of the Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics. Updated Enterprise Budgets can be viewed and downloaded from the following website:

http://aede.osu.edu/research/osu-farm-management/enterprise-budgets

Forage Enterprise Budget updated for 2014 include: Corn Silage; Alfalfa Hay; Alfalfa Haylage; Grass Hay.

OSU Extension Enterprise Budgets are compiled on downloadable Excel Spreadsheets that contain macros for ease of use. Users can input their own production and price levels to calculate their own numbers. These Enterprise Budgets have color coded cells that allow users to plug in numbers to easily calculate bottoms lines for different sce...
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Jul
16

OSU Extension Joins Effort to Revise Agricultural Labor Camp Rules

By:  Francisco A. Espinoza

In fall of 2013, Extension, through the Ag & Hort Labor Education Program, joined the Ohio Department of Health’s Agricultural Labor Camp Rules Review Committee.  The Committee membership eventually had representatives from Farm Bureau, ODJFS, ODH, ABLE Legal Services, county health departments, and agricultural employers from across the state.  Winter and spring Committee meetings were held, and suggested revisions were finalized by summer.  The following is a summary by Nolan Stevens, J.D., Public Policy Officer for the Ohio Commission on Hispanic/Latino Affairs. To read more click here.

Jul
14

Ohio’s Small Business Income Tax Deduction Increases

Larry Gearhardt, OSU Extension Asst. Professor, Taxation

Ohio Governor John Kasich recently signed a bill that, among other things, increases the small business income deduction from 50 percent to 75 percent of the first $250,000 in net business income.

In an effort to grow Ohio’s economy, last year the Ohio budget bill included significant tax law changes to deliver a $2.7 billion tax cut to individuals and businesses, over the course of three years. The changes included:

This post is a reprint of a post by gearhardt.5 that originally appeared at Recent Blog Posts.
Jul
14

2014 Ohio Beef Enterprise Budgets

By:  Barry Ward, Leader, Production Business Management,  Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics Newly updated OSU Extension Beef Enterprise Budgets for 2014 have been posted to the Farm Management Page of the Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Development Economics. Updated Enterprise Budgets can be viewed and downloaded from the following website: http://aede.osu.edu/research/osu-farm-management/enterprise-budgets Beef Enterprise Budgets posted for 2014 include: Market Steer Budget – Days on Feed – 232 (Corn/Soybean Meal Ration) Market Steer Budget – Days on Feed – 250 (Corn/DDG Ration) Yearling Market Steer Budget – Days on Feed – 182 (Corn/Soybean Meal Ration) Yearling Market Steer Budget – Days on Feed – 190 (Corn/DDG Ration) Market Heifer Budget – Days on Feed – 220 (Corn/Soybean Meal Ration) Cow-Calf Budget – Spring Calving These enter...
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Jul
14

Ohio’s Small Business Income Deduction Increases

By: Larry Gearhardt, Field Specialist, Taxation, OSU Extension Ohio Governor John Kasich recently signed a bill that, among other things, increases the small business income deduction from 50 percent to 75 percent of the first $250,000 in net business income. In an effort to grow Ohio’s economy, last year the Ohio budget bill included significant tax law changes to deliver a $2.7 billion tax cut to individuals and businesses, over the course of three years. The changes included: A small business tax cut that enables owners/investors to deduct from taxable income 50 percent of the first $250,000 in net business income. A 10 percent personal income tax cut to be phased in over three years. In 2013, Ohio tax rates were reduced by 8.5 percent. New assistance for lower-income Ohioans in the form of an Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) equal to five percent of the amount claimed for the federal EITC. An improving economy is g...
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Jul
14

2014 Farm Bill Decisions: Payment Yield Update Option

By: Carl Zulauf, Ohio State University, and Nick Paulson, Jonathan Coppess, Gary Schnitkey, and Todd Kuethe, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

 

The 2014 farm bill provides the owner of a Farm Service Agency (FSA) farm with a one-time option to update the farm’s payment yield for covered crops.  This article will discuss this decision.  It concludes by recommending that all producers consider updating yields if updated yields are higher than current yields; however, updated yields may be surprisingly low. To read the full article Click Here

Jul
09

Meetings Offer Insight for Farmers on 2014 Farm Bill

By: Sam Custer, OSU Extension Educator  Farmers interested in learning more about the 2014 Farm Bill and its impact on commodity programs can hear from industry experts during meetings scheduled for August 18, 19 and September 16 who will provide insight into the legislation and its impact on agriculture. The 2014 Farm Bill's safety net requires farmers and landowners to elect which program design they prefer based on what they think will be most effective for their operation, particularly in conjunction with crop insurance. OSU Extension is the outreach arm of Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agriculture, and Environmental Sciences and will be co-hosting the events in cooperation with Farm Credit Mid America, USDA Farm Service Agency and Farm Bureau. Significant analysis is needed to compare the new programs and provide valuable information to the farm's decision makers, who will be locked into the program choic...
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Ohio State University Extension embraces human diversity and is committed to ensuring that all research and related educational programs are available to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, disability, or veteran status. This statement is in accordance with United States Civil Rights Laws and the USDA.

Keith L. Smith, Ph.D., Associate Vice President for Agricultural Administration and Director, Ohio State University Extension TDD No. 800-589-8292 ( Ohio only) or 614-292-1868